Although the term „concordat“ was dropped for some time after the Second Vatican Council, which ended in 1965, it reappeared with the Polish Concordat of 1993 and the Portuguese Concordat of 2004. Another model of relations between the Vatican and various states is still evolving[3] in the wake of the Second Vatican Council`s Declaration on Religious Freedom, Dignitatis humanae. [Citation needed] „Concordat.“ dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed January 14, 2022. Encyclopedia article on the Concordat according to P.W. Brown The use of the term „Concordat“ appears „only in the pontificate of Pope Martin V (1413-1431) in a work by Nicholas de Cusa entitled De Concordantia Catholica“. [2] The First Concordat dates back to 1098, and from there until the beginning of the First World War, the Holy See signed 74 Concordats. [1] Due to the substantial overhaul of Europe that took place after the war, new arrangements with the successor states were needed. [1] In the period following the First World War, there was the greatest spread of concordats in history. [1] Etymology: [F.

concordat, L. concordato, prop. p. p. de concordare. See Concord.] The Slovak Concordat (2000, Art. 20.2) guarantees that ecclesiastical offerings „shall not be subject to tax or to the obligation to be accountable to the public“. [16] Some concordats guarantee the Catholic Church the tax-exempt status of a charity, which is in fact the largest charitable institution in the world, either by explicitly stating it, as in Brazil (2008, Article 15)[10] and Italy (1984, Article 7(3)[11], or by formulating them indirectly, as in Portugal (2004, Art. 12). [12] This is also the case in Côte d`Ivoire, where much larger sums are at stake. The Basilica of Yamoussoukro is estimated at $300 million, and the additional operating costs of the world`s largest church are also protected from review by the Concordat concluded with the Ivorian president in 1992. Houphouët-Boigny claimed that these funds came from his private heritage.

A Vatican official reportedly called the agreement on the foundation set up to manage the funds a „sensitive issue.“ [17] However, this Concordat guarantees that the foundation`s income and assets remain untaxed (art. 9.1), it keeps these funds out of the reach of criminal and civil law (art. 7.1), it allows the sending of these funds from the country (art. 13.2) and it keeps all the Foundation`s documents „inviolable“, that is to say secret (art. 8). [18] In Colombia, there was a crisis between the state and the church in 1994, when Attorney General Gustavo de Greiff accused several bishops of having illegal contacts with FARC guerrillas. It turned out that under the Colombian concordat with the Holy See, members of the clergy could only be examined by ecclesiastical tribunals of canon law, and that bishops were therefore immune from the investigation of the civil authorities, which many in Colombia considered a serious crime. If the political will is there, these concordat privileges can be extended by national legislation. In 1992, the tax exemption granted to the Church by the Italian Concordat was interpreted by a law that allows the Catholic Church not to pay 90% of what it owes to the State for its commercial activities. [13] Thus, a small sanctuary inside the walls of a cinema, holiday resort, shop, restaurant or hotel is enough to grant religious liberation.

[14] In June 2007, NEELIE Kroes, European Commissioner for Competition, announced an investigation into this issue. Then, in August, the deputy finance minister of Romano Prodi`s fragile centre-left coalition said the issue needed to be addressed in next year`s budget. [15] After that, however, the Barroso Commission did not hear about it anymore and a few months later, the Prodi government was overthrown. an agreement between the pope and a sovereign or government on the settlement of ecclesiastical affairs dealing with both; such as the Concordat between Pope Pius VII and Bonaparte in 1801 These examples of phrases are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word „concordat“. The opinions expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. In the minutes of August 10, 1840, the Council Committee concluded what became known as the Concordat with the Church. Over the centuries, there have been at least several hundred concordats. [19] Below is a sortable list of concordats and other bilateral agreements concluded by the Holy See. French, from medieval Latin concordatum, from Latin, neutral of concordatus, past participle of concordare A concordat is an agreement between the Holy See and a sovereign state that defines the relations between the Catholic Church and the State with regard to the recognition and privileges of the Catholic Church in a particular country and secular affairs, which have an impact on the interests of the Church.

From an ecclesiastical-state point of view, disputes over concordats concern two perspectives. . It is common knowledge that the Catholic Church is never more bound to one form of government than to another, provided that the divine rights of God and the Christian conscience are certain. .