Want to go out? You are outside. If Britain and the EU fail to reach an agreement on a future relationship, they will return to World Trade Organization (WTO) terms. However, even this failure would not be easy. As the UK is currently a member of the WTO through the EU, it must share tariff plans with the bloc and separate liabilities from ongoing trade disputes. This work has already begun. Below you will find a non-exhaustive list of documents related to the UK`s planned withdrawal from the EU, documents relating to the UK and its position in the EU, as well as a list of useful links on the subject. Gov.UK. `Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community as approved by the Heads of State and Government at an extraordinary meeting of the European Council on 25 November 2018`, pages 20 and 28. Accessed October 7, 2019. The other 27 EU member states are signalling their willingness to allow the UK to postpone its withdrawal (the UK is expected to leave the EU on 29 March 2019). If the UK Parliament approves the withdrawal agreement by 29 March, Brexit will be postponed until 22 May to allow time for the necessary legislation to be passed. If the British Parliament has not approved the agreement by then, Brexit will be postponed to 12 April. On the 17th.

In October 2019, the UK and the EU reached an agreement on the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU (Brexit) and on a transition period until 31 December 2020. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement. It provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020 during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will leave the single market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. EU leaders will approve a postponement of the Brexit date to 31 January 2020 or earlier if the UK and European Parliaments have already approved the withdrawal agreement. „The Single Market is a very deep and comprehensive trade agreement that aims to remove non-tariff barriers to trade,“ Ebell wrote in January 2017, „while most non-European [free trade agreements] appear to be ineffective enough to remove non-tariff barriers that are important for trade in services.“ An agreement reached in December 2017 resolved this long-standing sticking point, which threatened to drive the negotiations to a complete failure. Barnier`s team launched the first salvo in May 2017 with the publication of a document detailing the approximately 70 entities it would take into account when compiling the invoice. The Financial Times estimated that the gross amount requested would be €100 billion; Minus some British assets, the final account would be „in the order of 55 to 75 billion euros“. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the Political Declaration by replacing the word „appropriate“ with „appropriate“ in relation to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, Trade Fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.

[27] In addition, the level playing field mechanism has moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration[24] and the line in the Political Declaration that „the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas“ has been deleted. [26] The country allows the free movement of people and is a member of the Schengen area without a passport. It is subject to many internal market rules without having much to say in their drafting. It is located outside the customs union in order to be able to negotiate free trade agreements with third countries; Normally, but not always, it has negotiated alongside EEA countries. Switzerland has access to the internal market for goods (with the exception of agriculture), but not for services (with the exception of insurance). It pays a modest amount into the EU budget. International trade is expected to decline due to Brexit, even if the UK negotiates a number of free trade agreements. Dr Monique Ebell, former deputy director of research at the National Institute for Economic and Social Research, predicts a -22% drop in total trade in goods and services in the UK if EU membership is replaced by a free trade agreement. Other free trade agreements are unlikely to catch up: Ebell sees a pact with BRIICS (Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) that will boost overall trade by 2.2%; A pact with the UNITED STATES, Canada, Australia and New Zealand would do slightly better at 2.6%. The United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s exit from the EU can begin.

The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. Preparatory discussions on the talks revealed divisions in the approach of both sides to the process. The UK wanted to negotiate the terms of its exit as well as the terms of its post-Brexit relationship with Europe, while Brussels wanted to make sufficient progress on the terms of the divorce by October 2017, only to move to a trade deal. In a concession that pro- and anti-Brexit commentators saw as a sign of weakness, British negotiators accepted the EU`s sequential approach. The United Kingdom left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK must comply with all EU rules and laws. For businesses or for the public, almost nothing changes.

After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020. [7] [8] The agreement was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 30 October. January 2020 after consent by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force. The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulations and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries[9] and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification.

The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On the 15th. In January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202. [10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242[11] and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On October 22, 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government took the first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval program failed to find the necessary support, announcing his intention to call a general election. [12] On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement Act; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament gave its consent to the Withdrawal Agreement. .